"232 VERDICT OX IXDIA suggest that we can quit overnight : India would be left almost completely defenceless from aggression.1 This quite fundamental matter of defence has received ^cant consideration from the so-called * friends of India" at home, largely because they have been so bemused by Congress propaganda. It is dinned into their heads that * India is eager to defend herself, if only she gains her freedom/ This apparently innocuous sentence is untrue and—apart from that—meaningless. On the one hand, India—at least Hindu-India—is still sworn to non-violence, and although this dangerous sham ha-, been somewhat discredited, it will never be completely eradicated from the Hindu mmd. "India is eager to defend herself means, in the Gandhi philosophy. 'India is eager to play the role of doormat to any aggressor who chooses to wipe his feet on her/ On the other hand, to those who have rejected the creed of non-violence,* India is eager to defend herself' is simply an empty slogan, flung out at large, to impress the world. 'Defend herself with what ?' one may reasonably inquire. "With catapults? With barge poles? With rotten eggs? * It is a legitimate question, but it seldom receives a legitimate answer, for the pro-^ pagandist is too adroit to be caught napping; before you know where you are he has countered with another question../And whose fault is it that India is so weak ? Whose fault is it that we have no navy, 110 air force, no munition factories ?' The applause which greets these rhetorical questions usually drowns any attempt to give a reasoned answer to them. Of course, they really do not require an answer at all, for the question k Whose fault is it ?" is entirely irrelevant. However, let us be generous; let us grant the Congressman his point and say to him ' All right, have it your own way, it's all our fault/ So what ? The hard facts of the situation are in no way altered, and those facts are of a nature to give pause even to Miss Pearl Buck. To take a very simple example, there is practically no such things as an Indian navy. At the beginning of the war the entire Indian navy 1 For the sake of simplicity I have deliberately avoided any consideration of the probability of civil war. The grant of Pakistan would, of course, remove the main danger ; even so, it would seem fairly certain that large parts of India would revert to their traditional anarchy. It is inconceivable that all the States would vote them-^ selves out of existence without a fight. It is equally inconceivable that the North- West Frontier would not flare up agam in a bonfire of tribal warfare which might spread far beyond the frontiers.